Police and Public Safety

Members of this section work with law enforcement, fire departments, nuclear regulatory agencies, emergency medical services, and other public safety entities. They are involved in the selection of employees, fitness for duty evaluations, critical incident stress debriefing, management of mental health programs, criminal investigative analysis (profiling), and hostage negotiations.


  • Ginger Hayes, PhD
  • Casey O. Stewart on Twitter (@CaseyOStewart) 
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Section Officers

Chair: Ginger Hayes, PhD

Ginger Hays, PhD, earned a BS from Tufts University and a PhD in counseling/clinical psychology from Catholic University of America.

She has been director/team leader of the stress management team since 1994. Her office provides counseling services for employees and family of the Montgomery County Maryland Police Department. They also provide traumatic incident response, training and consultation to supervisors and management. Prior to beginning her work with SMT in 1989, she provided similar services to the Fairfax County Police Department.

Licensed in Maryland and Virginia, Hays is a member of the Police and Public Safety Section of APA 's Div. 18 (currently chair), the Maryland Psychological Association, the Police Psychological Services Section of the International Association of Chiefs of Police and the Society for Police and Criminal Psychology.

Chair-Elect: Casey O. Stewart, PsyD, ABPP

Casey O. Stewart, PsyD, ABPP, is a police, forensic and consulting psychologist who received his doctorate from Pacific University. He served as staff psychologist for the NYPD and was an adjunct professor at John Jay College of Criminal Justice. Stewart presently works in private practice, providing assessment and consultation services to numerous government and private organization across the U.S. He conducts ongoing research in the area of police selection and received the 2009 APA research award for his study on the validity of the CPI in predicting police applicant suitability. He presents nationally on assessment and ethics in police psychology. Stewart has coauthored articles and a book chapter on topics related to the assessment of law enforcement officers and police violence. He serves on the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP) Ethics Consultation Committee and the Oregon Ethics Committee. He is president-elect of the American Academy of Police & Public Safety and chair-elect of the APA Div. 18 Police and Public Safety Section. Stewart co-chaired the revisions committee for the 2013 IACP psychological fitness-for-duty evaluation guidelines. Stewart is the recipient of the APA Div.18, Police and Public Safety Section's 2013 Eileen Gupton Award for Early Career Achievement in the field of police and public safety psychology. Stewart recently co-authored a white paper on police reform in response to special litigation findings and recommendations from the Department of Justice regarding unconstitutional policing in the U.S.

Immediate Past Chair: Susan Saxe-Clifford, PhD, ABPP

Susan Saxe-Clifford, PhD, ABPP, was one of the first police psychologists in the country. She began her career with the Los Angeles Police Department where she served as staff psychologist for 14 years and helped shape a new specialty. She has since consulted to numerous public safety agencies advising management and providing pre-employment evaluations, fitness-for-duty evaluations, post-trauma intervention and training. She is well known in her field having published and lectured extensively. Saxe-Clifford has a website devoted to providing information to law enforcement. She served for six years on the California Board of Corrections and is a founder and past chair of the International Association of Chiefs of Police psychological services committee and is currently immediate past chair of the APA Div. 18 Police and Public Safety Section. She is also a consultant with California POST on psychological issues and is currently working with POST on the revision of the pre-employment screening guidelines and educational standards for psychologists qualified to conduct pre-employment screening in California. She is on the executive committee, board of directors for the American Board of Police and Public Safety Psychologists. Saxe-Clifford earned her bachelor's degree in psychology from the University of California, Los Angeles, and her doctorate from the University of Southern California.

Secretary-Treasurer: Jay Supnick, PhD, ABPP

Jay A. Supnick, PhD, ABPP, founded Law Enforcement Psychological Associates in 1997. He is a board-certified specialist in police and public safety psychology by the American Board of Professional Psychology and holds a diploma in police psychology from the Society of Police and Criminal Psychology. Trained as a clinical psychologist, Supnick received his doctorate from the State University of New York at Binghamton and did his internship at Brown University. Supnick began practicing psychology in the Rochester community in 1985 as a full time faculty member with the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry. He entered full time psychotherapy and consulting practice in 1992. Supnick is a member of the Police Psychology Service Section of the International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP), the Society for Police and Criminal Psychology, the APA Div. 18 Police and Public Safety Section, the American Psychology and Law Society and the Association of Threat Assessment Professionals. Supnick is an associate member of the New York State Association of Chiefs of Police. He has also served on various committees, including the Racial Profiling Ad Hoc Committee, the Pre-employment Psychological Screening Guidelines Committee, Psychological Fitness-for-Duty Guideline Committee and the Psychological Screening for Specialty Units Committee for the IACP Police Psychology Service Section. Supnick has consulted with law enforcement agencies and private industry in such areas as pre-employment psychological evaluations, psychological fitness-for-duty evaluations, hostage/crisis negotiation, violence prevention, threat assessment and critical incident stress debriefing.

Student Representative: Ryan Roberts, MA, JD

Ryan Roberts is a graduate student in the clinical psychology PhD program of the California School of Professional Psychology in San Francisco, California. He began his career as a patent litigation attorney after graduating from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology with a degree in mechanical engineering and the University of Michigan Law School. Ryan has been working at Law Enforcement Psychological Services, Inc. of Los Gatos, California, as an attorney and research consultant while completing his degree in clinical psychology. Ryan has conducted research to be presented at the 2014 APA Convention concerning military veteran applicants to law enforcement positions and is currently involved in several job outcome studies in the police and public safety area.