Article I. Name and Purpose

1. The name of this organization shall be the Division of Population and Environmental Psychology of the American Psychological Association.

2. The purpose of this organization shall be

(a) to promote research, teaching and services in the general field of population and environmental psychology (including study of behavior related to the size, growth and distribution of population, study of behavior related to the natural and designed environment, and study of behavior related to the interaction of population and environment):

(b) to stimulate the exchange of information among members of the Division:

(c) to encourage the development of psychology as a science and a profession: and

(d) to develop close relations and interchange with other sciences, especially those dealing with population and environmental phenomena.

Article II. Membership

1. Membership in this Division shall include Fellows, Members, Associates, Affiliates, Affiliates-by-invitation, and Student Affiliates.

2. Fellows shall be persons who are eligible for Fellowship status in the American Psychological Association, and who have made an unusual and outstanding contribution to Population Psychology and/or Environmental Psychology.

3. Members and Associates shall be persons who are eligible for like membership in the American Psychological Association and who demonstrate active interest in the fields of Population Psychology and/or Environmental Psychology.

4. Affiliates and Affiliates-by-invitation shall be primarily persons from related disciplines who are concerned with the study of population and environmental phenomena from a psychological perspective. Included may be persons from any of the social and behavioral sciences, including demography, and from such disciplines as psychiatry, public health, the design professions, and fields related to the use of natural resources (such as environmental impact assessment and recreation). Affiliates and Affiliates-by-invitation shall be persons who are not members of the American Psychological Association, but whose qualifications otherwise are at least equivalent to those required for membership in the Division.

Affiliates and Affiliates-by-invitation will enjoy full rights in Divisional affairs including holding office and voting, and all other rights and privileges of Divisional membership consonant with the By-laws of the Association. Affiliates shall be elected by a majority vote of the Executive Committee of the Division, following nomination by the Membership Committee or by petition of ten Fellows of the Division. Candidates for Affiliates-by-invitation may be suggested to the Membership Committee by any Fellow or Member of the Division. Affiliates-by-invitation will not pay dues. (Affiliates and Affiliates-by-invitation were given rights to hold office and vote by approval of a By-laws change vote by in August 1998 when the mail election results were announced at the annual business meeting.)

5. Student Affiliates shall be persons interested in or primarily engaged in the advancement of psychology as a science and as a profession, and who have met the standards of the American Psychological Association for this status. Such persons shall be entitled to attend and to participate in the meetings of the Division, without vote, and shall be entitled to receive the publications of the Division. The minimum standards for election as a Student Affiliate shall be enrollment in a graduate school of recognized standing and in a program of Population Psychology, Environmental Psychology, or other related field. Application for Student Affiliate status shall include evidence of the above.

6. The secretary will receive new memberships, will keep records of membership in all categories, and will inform members of changes of status. (Approved by vote of membership at the Toronto Business meeting in 1996.)

7. (This item previously required the Secretary to notify members of their election to the Division. The election procedure was repealed by passage of the current Item 6, Article II that also incorporated the duty of the Secretary to notify members of any change in their status. Old Item 7, Article II was repealed by bylaw vote at the Toronto Business meeting in 1996.)

8. Any member may be expelled from the Division for cause by a two-thirds vote of the members present and voting at an annual meeting. The vote shall be taken by secret ballot. Such vote shall be taken only upon recommendation by a special committee of three members to be appointed by the Executive Committee to investigate the particular case. The committee's recommendation will be submitted

(a) only after it has accumulated the relevant facts and has given the member an opportunity to answer the charges both in writing and by appearing in person before the committee, and

(b) after the committee's recommendations have been reviewed and approved by a majority vote taken by secret ballot of the Division Executive Committee. An affiliate membership may be terminated by action of the Executive Committee.

9. On all matters calling for action by the membership of the Division, each member shall have one vote. Voting by proxy is disallowed.

Article III. Officers

1. The officers of this organization shall be a Divisional President, a Divisional President-Elect, the immediate Divisional Past-President, the Secretary, the Treasurer, and such Divisional Representatives to the Council of Representatives as are provided for in Article IV of the By-laws of the American Psychological Association.

2. The terms of office for the President shall be one year, preceded by one year as President-Elect and followed by one year as Past-President; for the Secretary, three years; for the Treasurer, three years; and for Divisional Representative, three years. No officers of the Division may succeed themselves in the same office without at least one year intervening between terms. The tenure of office for Representatives shall be so set initially as to provide for staggered terms in the future. Similarly, the terms of office for Secretary and Treasurer shall be so set initially as to provide for staggered terms in the future.

3. It shall be the duty of the Divisional President to preside at all meetings of the Division, to serve as chairperson of the Executive Committee of the Division, to exercise supervision over the affairs of the Division, to be Chair of the Program Committee of the Division's annual convention, to be ex-officio member of all committees, and to perform such other duties as are incident to the office or as may properly be required of the President by vote of the Executive Committee. (By mail ballot of the membership in 1998, the President's duties were expanded to include being Chair of the Program Committee.)

4. It shall be the duty of the Division Past-President for the one year following his/her term of office as the Division President to serve on the Executive Committee and to carry out such other duties as may be delegated by the President.

5. It shall be the duty of the Division President-elect to serve as a member of the Executive Committee, to preside in the absence of the President, to be Co-Chair of the Program Committee of the Division's annual convention, and to carry out such other duties as may be delegated by the President. (By mail ballot of the membership in 1998, the President-Elect's duties were expanded to include being Co-Chair of the Program Committee.)

6. It shall be the duty of the Secretary to serve on the Executive Committee, to keep the records of all meetings of the Division and the Executive Committee, to issue notices of meetings and calls for nomination of officers and members of the Executive Committee. Also, the Secretary will send dues notices to affiliates and student affiliates. It shall be the duty of the Treasurer to serve on the Executive Committee, to have custody of all funds and property of the Division. Also, the Treasurer (in cooperation with the Secretary) shall receive and collect dues from Affiliates and student affiliates, and shall collect any special dues that may be voted in accordance with Article VIII of these By-laws. Also the Treasurer shall make disbursements as authorized by the Divisional Executive Committee or as legally required by the Division. (Certain duties for the Secretary and Treasurer were added by a bylaw vote at the Toronto Business meeting in 1996; see "Population & Environmental Psychology Bulletin", 21(3), Autumn 1995.)

7. It shall be the duty of the Divisional Representatives to discharge the responsibilities specified in Article III of the By-laws of the American Psychological Association, and to carry out such other assignments as may be properly imposed by the President or Executive Committee.

8. In the case of the death, incapacity, or resignation of the President, the President-Elect shall act in his/her stead, performing all the duties incident to the office. In the case of the death, incapacity, or resignation of any other officer, the Executive Committee shall, by majority vote, elect a successor to serve until the next annual meeting of the Division.

Article IV. Executive Committee

1. There shall be an Executive Committee of the Division, consisting of the Divisional President, the Divisional President-Elect, the immediate Divisional Past-President, the Secretary, the Treasurer, the Divisional Representatives, three Members-at-large, and chairpersons of all Standing and ad hoc Committees.

2. Members-at-large shall serve terms of three years. In order to effect staggered terms, the tenure for members-at-large elected at the first election shall be planned accordingly. The other members of the Executive Committee shall serve for the duration of their terms of elected office or appointment.

3. The Executive Committee shall exercise general supervision over the affairs of the Division, legislating such policies as may seem proper to the interests of the Division. This committee shall perform the duties and abide by the limitations specified in these By-laws. It shall use mail ballots whenever they are deemed appropriate in matters affecting Division policy. The Executive Committee shall meet at least once each year, before the time of the annual Division business meeting, and shall make a full report to the membership at the time of the annual business meeting. Actions of the Executive Committee are subject to approval by a majority vote of the members present and voting at an annual meeting or voting in special mail ballots.

Article V. Nominations and Elections

1. All officers and members-at-large of the Executive Committee of the Division shall be elected by a majority vote of the members casting mail ballots. Nominations and elections shall be conducted in accordance with the rules and procedures of the American Psychological Association. Every effort should be made to obtain proper representation of the constituencies represented in the Division.

After any two consecutive elections for officers of the Division in which either population or environmental psychology candidates are elected, then the following election will post only candidates from the opposite background from those two consecutive elections. Thus, if two consecutive presidents are from environmental psychology, then the next election will post only candidates from population psychology. This rule will be applicable to all elective officers. (Approved in the August, 1988 business meeting.)

2. There shall be at least twice as many nominees as there are persons to be elected for each office and for members-at-large of the Executive Committee.

3. At its discretion, in order to broaden representation as to field of interest, geographic location, sex, institutional affiliation, age, etc. of the officers of the Division, the Election Committee may place one additional name on the ballot for each office for which election is being held.

4. Before a nominee is placed on the ballot, his/her willingness to be a candidate must be confirmed by the Election Committee or APA.

5. Officers and members-at-large of the Executive Committee shall assume office on the first day following the close of the annual meeting at which their elections are announced, and shall hold office until their successors are elected and assume office in their stead. If an officer or member-at-large of the Executive Committee fails to accept his/her election, that place shall be filled by action of the Executive Committee under Article III, Section 8, of these By-laws.

6. In the event that any Divisional election processes or results are challenged on the basis of alleged irregularities, the Divisional President shall notify the full Executive Committee by phone or mail concerning the allegations, and the Executive Committee shall vote on the correctness of the challenge. If the challenge is supported by a majority vote of the responding members of the Executive Committee, the election for the affected office(s) shall be speedily reconducted by a special mail ballot of the Division membership.

Article VI. Meetings

1. The annual meeting of the Division shall take place during the annual convention of the American Psychological Association and in the same locality. The Division shall seek to coordinate its program with and participate in the program of the Association, and it shall transact such business and arrange for such activities as are proper to its fields of interest.

2. Other meetings may be called, as are considered appropriate and feasible, by action of the Executive Committee.

3. A quorum shall consist of those members present and voting at the annual meeting of the Division and at any other properly called and announced meeting of the Division.

Article VII. Committees

1. The committees of the Division shall consist of such standing committees as may be specified in these By-laws and such special committees as may be created by the President with the advice of the Executive Committee or established by vote of the voting membership.

2. Committees shall serve for terms designated by the President with the advice of the Executive Committee. Their membership shall be determined by appointment by the President, subject to the provisions of these By-laws, with the approval of the Executive Committee.

3. There shall be a Membership Committee whose responsibility is to develop and implement programs and procedures to both recruit and retain membership in the Division. (The structure and function of the Membership Committee was changed by a bylaws vote at the Toronto Business meeting in 1996.)

4. There shall be a Program Committee responsible for making arrangement for the program and annual meeting of the Division in accordance with Article VI, Section 1, of these By-laws.

5. The Election Committee shall consist of the Divisional President, President-Elect, immediate Past-President, Secretary and Treasurer. It shall be the duty of this committee to seek suggestions from the Division membership regarding individuals to be nominated for Division offices and, in cooperation with the Election Committee of the American Psychological Association, to conduct and supervise the mail elections of the Division as provided in Article V of these By-laws.

6. The Committee on Fellows shall consist of three Fellows of the Division appointed by the Executive Committee. It shall be the duty of the Committee on Fellows to receive all nominations for Fellowship, to collect and consider such supporting materials as are necessary, and to recommend nominees for Fellow status in the Division, in accordance with the By-laws of the Division and of the American Psychological Association.

7. At the discretion of the Executive Committee other Committees may be appointed, including, for example:

a. A Committee on Public Education to promote the interests of the Division and its members by the development of contacts with other professional groups, with government organizations, with foundations, and with the public in general.

b. A Committee on Scientific Affairs to promote, publicize, and establish methods for honoring theoretical and research accomplishments in the fields of population and environmental psychology.

c. A Committee on Professional Practices to promote the interests of the Division and its members by concerning itself with matters of professional practices and ethics.

d. The responsibilities and functions of other special committees shall be delineated by the Executive Committee when they are established and may be changed at any time by action of the Executive Committee.

Article VIII. Dues and Assessments

1. A part of the annual dues paid to APA by Fellows, Members and Associates reverts to the Division, as determined by APA regulations. Dues and assessments for Affiliates, who are not members of the Association, shall be established by the Division Executive Committee.

2. Dues and assessments for APA members are collected by APA. The Division Treasurer shall collect dues and assessments from Affiliates.

3. Changes in assessments shall be recommended by the Division Executive Committee and shall be decided by a majority vote of those Fellows and Members voting at an annual meeting or by mail ballot of the members. Dues and assessments shall be levied against all members except Affiliates-by-invitation.

Article IX. Amendments
1. The Division, by vote of two-thirds of the voting membership present, at any annual meeting, or by a majority vote of the voting membership voting on a mail ballot, may adopt such amendments to these By-laws as have been (a) read at the preceding annual meeting, or (b) mailed to the voting membership at least two months prior to vote, or (c) published in an appropriate communication of this Division, at least two months priors to vote.
Article X. Enabling Action

1. The new Division shall come into being and these By-laws shall be in force when the Division and the By-laws have been approved by the American Psychological Association.

Notes: The last published version of the Division 34 Bylaws was published in "Population & Environmental Psychology Bulletin", 21(3), Autumn 1995, pp. 11-14.

Updated September 15, 1998 with annotations