Report on Trafficking of Women and Girls
Division 35: Special Committee on Violence Against Women

Introduction

While not a new phenomenon, human trafficking is a serious human rights violation that has gained increased attention among academics, policy makers and human rights activists in recent years. Despite this heightened recognition, majority of the literature and knowledge thus far came from governmental agencies and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) leaving a need for scholarly research and analysis on the issue” (Laczko & Gramegna, 2003). This report attempts to provide a comprehensive overview of the issues and differing perspectives on trafficking of women and girls to facilitate establishing an inclusive framework essential to understand the contributing conditions and environment and thus development of appropriate prevention, advocacy and policies for the victims of trafficking. Specifically, we adopt an ecological perspective (Bronfenbrenner, 1996; Harvey, 2007) in addressing the complex interplay between person and context that is inherent to the problem of trafficking of women and girls. From this view, individual psychological well-being of survivors of trafficking rely on specific experiences of exploitation occurring within and interacting with specific social, cultural, and political contexts. Bearing this perspective in mind, we describe the prevalence rates and socio-demographics of those trafficked, psychosocial and political factors pertaining to both the pre and post trafficked exploitative conditions, psychological impact of trafficking on the individual, and relevant interventions (e.g. clinical, advocacy).